What Does Gemara Mean?

How old is the Gemara?

The Gemara, which in Aramaic means “to study and to know” is a collection of scholarly discussions on Jewish law dating from around 200 to 500AD.

The discussions pick up on statements in the Mishnah (1) but refer to other works including the Torah..

What does yeshiva mean?

A yeshiva (/jəˈʃiːvə/; Hebrew: ישיבה‎, lit. ‘sitting’; pl. ישיבות‎, yeshivot or yeshivos) is a Jewish educational institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts, primarily the Talmud and the Torah, and halacha (Jewish law).

Is the Mishnah in the Bible?

The Mishna supplements the written, or scriptural, laws found in the Pentateuch. It presents various interpretations of selective legal traditions that had been preserved orally since at least the time of Ezra (c. 450 bc).

Does the Talmud talk about Jesus?

The Talmud, and other talmudic texts, contain several references to the “son of Pandera”. A few of the references explicitly name Jesus (“Yeshu”) as the “son of Pandera”: these explicit connections are found in the Tosefta, the Qohelet Rabbah, and the Jerusalem Talmud, but not in the Babylonian Talmud.

Who wrote Talmud?

Rav AshiTradition ascribes the compilation of the Babylonian Talmud in its present form to two Babylonian sages, Rav Ashi and Ravina II. Rav Ashi was president of the Sura Academy from 375–427. The work begun by Rav Ashi was completed by Ravina, who is traditionally regarded as the final Amoraic expounder.

What is the Gemara and what does it mean?

Gemara, a rabbinic commentary on and interpretation of the collection of Jewish law known as the Mishna. See Talmud. Read More on This Topic. Talmud and Midrash: Definition of terms.

Why was the Gemara written?

The Talmud is the source from which the code of Jewish Halakhah (law) is derived. It is made up of the Mishnah and the Gemara. The Mishnah is the original written version of the oral law and the Gemara is the record of the rabbinic discussions following this writing down. It includes their differences of view.

How many books are in the Gemara?

38 volumesThe Talmud, or oral law, includes the Mishnah, a six-part Hebrew compilation finished around A.D. 200, but in popular parlance Talmud usually refers to the 38 volumes of the Gemara, in which later rabbinic generations used the Mishnah’s bare-bones argumentation as a springboard for more razor-sharp parsing of logic.

What is Mishnah in the Bible?

The Mishnah or Mishna (/ˈmɪʃnə/; Hebrew: מִשְׁנָה‎, “study by repetition”, from the verb shanah שנה‎, or “to study and review”, also “secondary”) is the first major written collection of the Jewish oral traditions known as the Oral Torah. It is also the first major work of rabbinic literature.

Why is the Talmud important?

The Talmud contains rabbinic teachings which interpret and expand Torah law to make it relevant to the daily life of Jews in the first five centuries CE. Rabbinic tradition as laid down in the Talmud is also referred to as the Oral Torah. For many Jews the Talmud is as holy and binding as the Torah itself.

Is the Talmud in the Bible?

Editor and translator of Bava metzia. Talmud and Midrash, commentative and interpretative writings that hold a place in the Jewish religious tradition second only to the Bible (Old Testament).

What does Halakhah mean?

Halakhah, (Hebrew: “the Way”) also spelled Halakha, Halakah, or Halachah, plural Halakhahs, Halakhot, Halakhoth, or Halachot, in Judaism, the totality of laws and ordinances that have evolved since biblical times to regulate religious observances and the daily life and conduct of the Jewish people.